Thursday, March 17, 2016

Casa Batlló

Barcelona 3.3.2016.
Casa Batlló on Antoni Gaudín ja Josep Maria Jujolin suunnittelema talo Barcelonan Eixamplen kaupunginosassa. Talo on rakennettu 1877 ja uudistettu 1905-1907.

Talo suunniteltiin alun perin hyvätuloiselle perheelle, ja se rakennettiin leveälle puistokadulle Barcelonan tyylikkääseen osaan. Rakennusta kutsutaan joskus nimellä Casa dels ossos (Luutalo), mikä johtuu sen orgaanisista, luurankoa muistuttavista muodoista. Julkisivu on koristeltu värikkäin mosaiikein, ja rakennuksen katto on kuin lohikäärmeen piikikäs harja. Erään teorian mukaan talon muotokieli symboloikin Katalonian suojeluspyhimyksen Pyhän Yrjön miekkaa, joka lävistää lohikäärmeen selän.

Vuodesta 1984 alkaen talo on ollut osa Unescon maailmanperintöluetteloa.



Casa Batlló (Catalan pronunciation: is a renowned building located in the center of Barcelona and is one of Antoni Gaudí’s masterpieces. A remodel of a previously built house, it was redesigned in 1904 by Gaudí and has been refurbished several times after that. Gaudí's assistants Domènec Sugrañes i Gras, Josep Canaleta and Joan Rubió also contributed to the renovation project. The local name for the building is Casa dels ossos (House of Bones), as it has a visceral, skeletal organic quality.

Like everything Gaudí designed, it is only identifiable as Modernisme or Art Nouveau in the broadest sense. The ground floor, in particular, has unusual tracery, irregular oval windows and flowing sculpted stone work. There are few straight lines, and much of the façade is decorated with a colorful mosaic made of broken ceramic tiles (trencadís). The roof is arched and was likened to the back of a dragon or dinosaur. A common theory about the building is that the rounded feature to the left of centre, terminating at the top in a turret and cross, represents the lance of Saint George (patron saint of Catalonia, Gaudí's home), which has been plunged into the back of the dragon.








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