Tuesday, March 15, 2016

Sagrada Familia

Barcelona 3.3.2016.
Sagrada Família on Antoni Gaudín suunnittelema roomalais-katolinen kirkko Barcelonan keskustassa Eixamplen kaupunginosassa. Kirkon nimi merkitsee "pyhää perhettä", ja sen täydellinen nimi katalaaniksi on Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família. Pyhäkön rakennustyöt aloitettiin vuonna 1882 arkkitehti Francesc P. Villarin johdolla, mutta vuotta myöhemmin Antoni Gaudí sai vastuun suunnittelusta ja uudisti täysin rakennuksen alkuperäiset piirustukset. Kirkon rakentaminen on yhä kesken, vaikka rakennustöitä on tehty jo pitkälti toista sataa vuotta. Keskeneräisessä kirkossa järjestetään kuitenkin päivittäin messuja, yleensä kirkon kryptassa. Arkkitehti suunnitteli kirkkoa 40 vuotta, jona aikana kirkko muuttui työprosessina yhä suuremmaksi ja monimutkaisemmaksi. Gaudi muutti lopulta kirkkoon asumaan ja eli siellä erakkona 16 viimeistä elinvuottaan.

Paavi Benedictus XVI vihki keskeneräisen Sagrada Famílian käyttöön 7. marraskuuta 2010. Kirkko sai samalla basilikan arvon.


The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família  is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, designed by Spanish architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926). Although incomplete, the church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and in November 2010 Pope Benedict XVI consecrated and proclaimed it a minor basilica, as distinct from a cathedral, which must be the seat of a bishop.

Construction of Sagrada Família had commenced in 1882 and Gaudí became involved in 1883, taking over the project and transforming it with his architectural and engineering style, combining Gothic and curvilinear Art Nouveau forms. Gaudí devoted his last years to the project, and at the time of his death at age 73 in 1926, less than a quarter of the project was complete.

Sagrada Família's construction progressed slowly, as it relied on private donations and was interrupted by the Spanish Civil War, only to resume intermittent progress in the 1950s. Construction passed the midpoint in 2010 with some of the project's greatest challenges remaining and an anticipated completion date of 2026, the centenary of Gaudí's death.

The basílica has a long history of dividing the citizens of Barcelona: over the initial possibility it might compete with Barcelona's cathedral, over Gaudí's design itself, over the possibility that work after Gaudí's death disregarded his design, and the recent proposal to build an underground tunnel of Spain's high-speed rail link to France which could disturb its stability. Describing Sagrada Família, art critic Rainer Zerbst said, "It is probably impossible to find a church building anything like it in the entire history of art" and Paul Goldberger called it, "The most extraordinary personal interpretation of Gothic architecture since the Middle Ages.

The church shares its site with the Sagrada Família Schools building, a school originally designed by Gaudí in 1909 for the children of the construction workers. Relocated in 2002 from the eastern corner of the site to the southern corner, the building now houses an exhibition.


















Näkymiä ylhäältä / views from up:









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